A Taxonomy of Courage

Phys­i­cal courage is per­form­ing an action in spite of the fear of phys­i­cal pain or death. Intel­lec­tual courage is over­com­ing the fear of com­pli­ca­tion and the nat­ural aver­sion to feel­ings of con­fu­sion and bewil­der­ment. Moral courage is always doing what you feel to be right regard­less of the poten­tial neg­a­tive per­sonal consequences.

It is pos­si­ble to pos­sess phys­i­cal courage and be nei­ther intel­lec­tu­ally or morally brave. It is pos­si­ble to be intel­lec­tu­ally coura­geous and have no phys­i­cal or moral courage. It is, how­ever, impos­si­ble to be morally coura­geous and not pos­sess the other two. There­fore, moral courage is the most potent of the three.

P 24 Mem­oirs of the Uni­ver­sal Man — Vol­ume One.

Memoirs of The Universal Man Cover

%d bloggers like this: